Rosa xanthina, commonly called Manchu rose, is a wild shrub rose that is native to open slopes and scrubby areas in central China. It typically grows on upright, arching canes to 6-9’ tall with a slightly larger spread. Reddish stems armed with reddish-brown thorns are clad with medium green leaves, each leaf having 7-13 small broad-ovate leaflets (to 1” long). Semi-double yellow flowers (to 2” diameter) appear for several weeks from late April into May in a dense bloom. Flowers have a musky fragrance. There is no repeat bloom except for a possible sparse smattering of flowers in early autumn. Flowers are followed by attractive spherical to ellipsoid red hips that mature in late summer and persist on the shrub into winter. Foliage usually produces insignificant fall color, but occasionally an interesting blend of yellow, orange and red will occur. Rosa xanthina f. hugonis and Rosa xanthina f. spontanea have single flowers.